Last updated: June 17, 2019
Topic: SocietyHistory
Sample donated:

Twenty/Twenty Cricket

7 Pages, 5 Sources, MLA Style; Preferred language style: English (U.S.)
Has the new form of 20/20 cricket affected the sport of cricket negatively or positively?
Write a brief introduction about cricket. Its history, how it’s played and its cultural significance.
Write in detail whether it has ruined the way the game is played. How has it affected test cricket and 50 over cricket? Has it caused players to play with worse technique?
Write about formation of the rebel Indian Cricket League and whether it has caused disunity in cricket.

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Introduction to Cricket

Cricket is a game played by a team of 11 players against another team consisting of 11 players.  The game has a lot of similarities with baseball.  The exact origin of cricket is not known correctly, as there are many controversial theories about its origin.  In the mid-1700’s, the game began to become very popular and was played by the gentlemanly-class (IITCC. 2008 & Stevens Cricket Club. 2003).

In cricket, the center of the field contains a pitch which is rectangular and is 22 meters long.  On either end of the pitch, is a crease, containing the wickets.  The wickets are nothing but, three wooden sticks placed closed to each other with bails placed over them.  In front of the wickets are lines drawn which would limit the batsman or the bowler from the other end from crossing (known as ‘crease’).  The bowler would throw the ball from the other end towards the batsman, who has to face the ball.  At the other end of the wicket, is a team member of the batsman.  He would face the ball, once the striking batsman has faced the fall and has crossed over for a run.  The aim of each batsman would be to face the ball, hit it as far as possible and in this way accumulate as many runs as possible to their individual scores and in this manner add up to the team score.  When a batsmen are able to cross over the distance between the wickets without the opposing team striking the ball onto the wickets when the batsman would be out of the crease, a run would be accumulate to the team’s and the individual batsman’s account.  The aim of the opposing team would be to get the batsman out in various fashions.  This include bowled, leg before wicket (LBW), caught behind, stumped, caught, hit-wicket, run out, timed-out, etc.  A batsman would be out bowled, if the bowl is able to deceive the batsman and hit the wickets behind the batsman.

A batsman is out LBW if the bowl strikes any part of the body and the batsman is directly in the path of the ball hitting the wicket.  The batsman would be out caught, if he hits the ball in the air, and any person from the opposing team catches the ball directly without the ball bouncing on the ground.  The batsman would be out stumped or run out, if he moves out of his crease and the fielder or wicket keeper takes the ball and strikes it on to the stumps.  A batsman would be out hit-wicket, if he in the process of facing the ball, hits the bat on to the stumps.  Once the opposing team is able to get the entire 10 batsman out, then their aim would be to bat and try to make at least one run more than the opposing team, and in this way win the match.  Each bowler in a team would be allowed to bowl a stipulated number of overs.  An over would consist of 6 bowls and in each bowl, the bowler would have to come forward and throw the bowl onto the facing batsman.    Depending on the type of cricket, there would be a difference in the number of overs and the number of times the team would come out to bat.  In the longer version of cricket, known as test cricket, each team would come out to bat twice, i.e. the first innings and the second innings.  Each of these innings would last for an unlimited number of overs.  However, the limiting factor would be that 90 overs would be bowled per day for the five days of the test match.  In each of the innings, the team would have to accumulate as many runs as possible.  In the end, the total of both innings would count and the team that makes the most number of runs (without getting out in the end) would win.  However, if the team does not get out and is unable to reach the total set by the opposing team, the test match would be declared a draw.  In case of a tie, both teams would reach the same total after considering that the last team batting has got out on the last ball of the last day.  In a one-day game, each team would have to face 50 overs and accumulate as many runs as possible.  The opposing team has to score at least one run more in order to win the match.  In case both teams reach the same total at the end of 50 overs, then the match would be -declared as a tie.  During a one day match, 300 balls would be bowled and the player would bat on till he gets out.  The bowlers on the other side would be bowling a maximum of 10 overs, and usually a minimal of 5 bowlers would be utilized to bowl the 50 overs.  There are several ways of getting runs in cricket.  After the batsman hits the bowl, both the batsman can take runs ranging from 1 to 4.  If the ball is hit out of the ground, with at least one bounce, it is called a “four” and 4 runs would get added.  If the ball is hit out of the ground without any bounce, it is called a “six”, and 6 runs would get added.  If a ball is bowled and the batsman cannot face it as it was too wide, then it is declared “wide” by he umpire and one run and a ball get credited to the team batting.  If the bowler delivers the ball after crossing the crease or bowls the bowl above the waist height (subject to one day matches and certain other restrictions), then it is declared a “no-ball” and one run and a ball gets credited to the team batting (IITCC. 2008 & Stevens Cricket Club. 2003).


Introduction to 20-20 cricket

This is a revolutionary form of cricket that has evolved into an ultra short version of the game.  20-20 cricket or T20 cricket is played between two teams and the maximum amount of time taken for a match is about 3 hours.  A person by name Nick Borcich from England has invented the T20 cricket, but experts say that it may have been played long time before in the Americas.  However, Borcich introduced this form of cricket to be played between county clubs and it gained immediate success.  The England and Wales Cricket Board actually introduced this form of cricket in the county championships.  During one of the matches between Middlesex and Surrey, the highest number of spectators turned up for the match.  T20 cricket also continued to spread across the world and several nations introduced it in their county championships or domestic series.  Exhibition matches were being played between the teams of various nations.  Every cricket board began to use this as an instrument to gain popularity.  People also showed much interest in T20 cricket as it did not involve spending hours before the TV or taking a break from work (Sify. 2007).

The rules of T20 cricket have a lot of similarities and differences with one day cricket.  Each team would have to face a maximum of twenty overs, within which they would have to score the maximum number of runs.  The other rules of T20 cricket are similar to that of one-day internationals.  However, there are some new rules added to make the matches more interesting.  If a bowler bowls a no-ball, then the opposing team gets a free hit, in which one ball would be bowled and the batsman can do anything without getting out (except run-out).  Hence, batsmen would try to score the maximum number of runs.        If the opposing team is needlessly wasting time, the umpire can award 5 runs to the other team, on each occasion.  However, there have been a lot of controversies regarding this rule.  Each team would be given 75 minutes to bowl the entire set of 20 overs.  They can either get the opposing team out, or permit them to set a target.  The rules of T20 cricket ensure that the batsman get an advantage and can score the maximum number of runs.  Each bowler can bowl a maximum of 4 overs.  According to the rules of T20, not more than 5 fielders can stand on the leg side of the batsman.  As off spinners have about 6 or more players on the leg-side, this rule is affecting the fielding side.  During the first six overs, a maximum of 2 players can be outside the ring, and during the last 14 overs, a maximum of 5 players can be outside the ring.  If the match ends in a tie, a bowl-out game would begin, in which five balls will be bowled by each team and the maximum number of times they hit the stumps would be considered as a score.  The team that scores the most would win.  In each team, one bowler can bowl a maximum of two balls.  This rule is primarily borrowed from soccer to make the game more interesting.  However, experts feel that the extra-time or a golden run rule similar to soccer should be introduced (Sify. 2007).


Effect of T20 cricket over one day and test match cricket

Today T20 cricket is becoming immensely popular over one-day and test-match cricket, such that it is becoming to displace the later two.  One of the main reasons as to why T20 cricket has become so popular is because of the recent India vs. Pakistan final in the T20 world cup in South Africa.  This was one of the most thrilling matches every witnessed in cricket, much more than what any test match or one-day can offer, and now people are expecting that level of thrill from cricket.  T20 cricket hence seems to be very promising.  No one will want to sit back for 5 days and watch a test-match, nor will anybody have the patience to sit glued to their TV sets for 8 hours in order to watch a one-day international.  In order to seek instant entertainment, T20 cricket seems to be very promising.  People enjoy 4’s and 6’s being continuously hit, and T20 is one form of cricket that seems to offer this flavor.  T20 cricket is becoming so popular rapidly that it is going to be very dangerous for the game to suddenly lose sight of one-day cricket.  One-day cricket has several advantages and features.  It is not so strenuous on players as compared to test cricket.  At the same time, it would be putting players to a shorter test.  The players would also be put to a reasonable amount of test and would have to use reasonable amount of skill.  However, in T20 cricket, the players have to evolve rapidly to the changes called for by the ultra-short version of the game.  Many skilled players, who are experts at test and one-day cricket, may really find it difficult to play in T20 cricket.  Having more and more T20 cricket and completely ignoring one day cricket, would mean losing these vital and skilled players.  However, on another side, a new breed of players would be developed.  These players would be at their peak only for short periods of time.  Matches would be more meaningful to the public, and besides, cricket would gain a more global image (other than what it had during the colonial times).  More and more audiences are getting attracted towards the game (Vijay. 2008 & Mark Nicholas. 2007).

Overall, it may be difficult to assess what test cricket has done to the game.  It has claimed more number of audiences and more money.  People who were never interested in cricket are now glued to their TV, and a more global audience is getting interested.  However, the very complexion of cricket has been changed.  People want more of 6’s and 4’s in the game and hence in the process, fielders and bowlers are losing popularity.  T20 cricket has not only affected test cricket and one-day cricket.  These forms of cricket are going to claim less viewership and less money, as people would be demanding more of T20 matches.  As players would not be put to the real test in one-day and test cricket, they would be facing an altogether different game in T20 cricket, in which their goal would only be to hit the maximum number of runs an not bother if their wickets are lost.  This would result in an adoption of faulty techniques, which may not be appropriate in a one-day or test match.  I do feel that this would be one of the main disadvantages of T20 cricket (Vijay. 2008 & Mark Nicholas. 2007).


The Indian Cricket League

The formation of the ICL has created serious disunity in the world of cricket.  The Indian Premier League (IPL) is backed by the Board of Cricket control in India and several important previous cricketing experts are a part of it.  The IPL has also been approved by the International Cricket Council.  However, the national boards of several countries which are not favored by the BCCI and the ICC have joined with the ICL.  Many of the Indian players and the Indian cricket veterans who are with the ICL are facing immense fears with staying with the ICL, as the organization has been outlawed.  However, the ICL has given them more and more money to ensure that the series becomes popular.  The IPL had beat the ICL in the first season, but slowly the ICL is becoming more and more entertaining as it was slowly revealing the names of popular players who have joined the league.  The IPL meanwhile is turning to adopt the European soccer model in order to improve viewership and increasing advertisement franchise (Dinsa Sachan. 2007).

Nevertheless, the ICL and the IPL have divided the cricket world.  However, both are doing what they can to ensure that T20 cricket is given the main priority.  It would take some time for both of these cricket leagues to develop a unique identity and survive individually in a strong and competitive environment.  At the moment, both the leagues represent separate T20 cricket teams or clubs that fight for a championship status.  If either of the cricket leagues had to seek a different kind of image, concept or endeavor, then it would ensure that both these cricket leagues would survive better.  For example, one of these cricket leagues could be for teams of various cities in India, and the other cricket league could be a competition between various clubs from different nations that fight for a championship or cup.  If there is a difference in the concept of either of the series, then both could get a unique identity for itself and survive better in the cricket world (Dinsa Sachan. 2007).



Dinsa Sachan. “The Deal with IPL and ICL.” 2007. Six and Out. 17 November 2008.


IITCC. “Welcome to the World of Cricket @ IIT. 2008. IITCC. 17 November 2008.


Mark Nicholas. “Twenty20 is just not cricket.” 2007. The Telegraph. 17 November 2008.


Sify. “Twenty 20 cricket rules and laws.” 2007. Sify. 17 November 2008.


Stevens Cricket Club. “The Game of Cricket.” 2003. Stevens Cricket Club. 17 November 2008.


Vijay. “20 20 Cricket Vs 50 50 Cricket Vs Test Cricket.” 2008. Articles Base. 17 November 2008.