Two Doctrines And Their Belief Essay, Research Paper
Two Philosophers and Their Theories of Belief
When reading Rene Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy and David Hume s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, one notices that both philosophers focus a big portion of their Hagiographas on the topic of human belief. Both writers have different theories on what makes a individual signifier those beliefs that are of import in life. Through an analysis of their theories, it is possible to understand the manner these two philosophers lived their lives and what type of people they were.
Descartes theory of human belief has a few regulations that set the footing of his beliefs. The word that best depict his theory is incredulity. The chief philosophy that makes up his belief is: & # 8220 ; If you doubt something at all, wear t believe it. & # 8221 ;
In Descartes Meditations, the writer s chief end is to do the reader expression at the universe through analytical eyes. Descartes goes every bit far as rebuting his trust of the senses, the organic structure, and the scientific disciplines that have been proven to be dependable clip and clip once more. Through these illustrations, the reader additions a sense that Descartes isn T afraid to oppugn even the simplest, most proved foundations of society. He says, & # 8220 ; It is a grade of prudence ne’er to put our complete trust in those who have deceived us even once. & # 8221 ;
Descartes makes certain in his Meditations that he leaves no rocks unturned. He believes this adds completeness to his surveies, which is the most of import thing to him. When he finds what he genuinely believes, he has reached his end.
When David Hume analyzes what his beliefs are in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, he comes to the decision that beliefs are thoughts that are & # 8220 ; lively. & # 8221 ; In order for a individual to truly believe in something, they must first experience it in the existent universe. Hume uses an
illustration of Adam non cognizing that he would submerge in H2O unless he had hands-on experience. A mere ocular observation of the H2O wouldn t give him the cognition that he could submerge in the transparent liquid. This illustration is a concrete illustration of how logical thinking can merely be obtained through the individual s experience.
Another facet of Hume s theory of belief is based on a individual s certainty of an thought. If a individual is strongly attached or excited by an thought, so it can be classified as a belief. Basically Hume classifies beliefs as thoughts that are of import to people s bosom. This subdivision of his theory is delighting because the reader can put such of import classs as faith and love into the belief class.
Both Descartes and Hume s theories are valuable to the philosophical community because they exhibit different point of views that can be considered by a reader. It is about impossible to judge which theory is right or incorrect because they are both merely possibilities to chew over. If I had to pick one theory to support, I would decidedly take Hume s theory on human belief. Hume uses clear illustrations to exemplify his theories and makes them highly hard to refute. They besides rely chiefly on facts, whereas Descartes Meditations rely chiefly on sentiment.
When Descartes is sitting by the fire, keeping the sheet of paper he is composing his Mediations on, he decides that the custodies that are keeping the paper and his full organic structure are non truly his. Such illustrations in Descartes theory seem a little excessively utmost or even paranoid for a rational thought individual to spot.
On the other manus, Hume s theory of organizing beliefs through experience and from exciting thoughts makes absolutely good sense to the head. Both theories, though wholly different from each other, are interesting and meriting of these two great philosopher & # 8217 ; s attending and attempts.