Last updated: May 13, 2019
Topic: Essay database
Sample donated:

Utilitarianism Essay, Research Paper

Utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which basically states that which is good is

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

that which brings about the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill believed

that the determinations we make should ever profit the most people every bit much as possible

irrespective of the effects to the minority or even yourself. He would state all that

affairs in the determination of right versus incorrect is the sum of felicity produced by the

effects. In the determinations we make Mill would state that we need to weigh the

results and do our determination based on that result that benefits the bulk. For

Mill, pleasance is the lone desirable effect of our determinations or actions.

The Judeo-christian moral principle embraced by Augustine topographic points inquiries of right and

incorrect under the authorization of a Godhead Godhead & # 8211 ; God. The Judeo-christian moral principle can be

summed up in one word & # 8211 ; Love. In Matthew 22:40 Jesus says: & # 8220 ; Love the Lord your God

with all your bosom and with all your psyche and with all your head. This is the first and

greatest commandment. And the 2nd is like it: Love you neighbor as yourself. & # 8221 ;

When Augustine said, & # 8220 ; Love God and make what you will & # 8221 ; , I believe he is asseverating the fact

that when a individual loves God genuinely he or she is in God & # 8217 ; s will. John 14:15 says, & # 8220 ; If you

love me, you will obey what I command. & # 8221 ; If a individual obeys God which is loving God

and loving his creative activity so a individual is in his will. The determinations made by a individual in

God & # 8217 ; s will are therefore ethical determination in position of the fact that God is the ultimate lesson

authorization. To assist his creative activity in finding right from incorrect he has provided the

Bible. Although non every ethical inquiry is covered in the Bible he has besides given us

his Spirit for counsel.

Utilitarianism like the Judeo-christian moral principle is sing others in a high respect.

Utilitarian desire the greatest felicity as an terminal and the Judeo-christian position

seeks love and obeisance to God.

These two ethical systems seem to be similar in this

facet of caring what happens to all people. Both Utilitarianism and the Judeo-christian

ethic take the focal point off the person and topographic point it on others.

The Utilitarian is taking to convey about the greatest sum of felicity to the

greatest sum of people. The Judeo-christian ethic is God-centered with the

commandment to truly love Him. This love places a individual in his Godhead will. People

operating in this system are besides called to love others as themselves. Bing in God & # 8217 ; s

Godhead will is the terminal by which love is the means. A individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is to God and

his Godhead will. On the other manus, in Utilitarianism a individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is to


Another point of discrepancy prevarications in the significance of love and felicity. For Mills,

felicity is the coveted terminal regardless of the agencies. Therefore at that place seems to be an absence

of criterions by which the agencies to obtain felicity are judged. If 10 people would

derive felicity by crushing and robbing a adult male whose life affects no 1, Utilitarianism

seems to hold this ethical. On the other manus, the Judeo-christian position clearly

sets criterions on actions. The commandment to love your neighbour as yourself dispels

such actions of whipping and robbing others.

Love as a commandment doesn & # 8217 ; t ever needfully intend felicity for the

greatest figure of people. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject is frequently a portion of

loving person. In Mill & # 8217 ; s moralss subject is what may go on to the minority to

supply felicity for the bulk. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject may affect

the bulk such as in the instance of God & # 8217 ; s disciplinary actions on Israel.

In the procedure of organizing a determination the Utilitarian must consciously weigh

results for the greatest felicity. This system places ultimate morality on the

single doing the determination. This is in blunt contrast to the moral authorization found in

the Judeo-christian moralss of God.