Utilitarianism Essay, Research Paper
Utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which basically states that which is good is
that which brings about the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill believed
that the determinations we make should ever profit the most people every bit much as possible
irrespective of the effects to the minority or even yourself. He would state all that
affairs in the determination of right versus incorrect is the sum of felicity produced by the
effects. In the determinations we make Mill would state that we need to weigh the
results and do our determination based on that result that benefits the bulk. For
Mill, pleasance is the lone desirable effect of our determinations or actions.
The Judeo-christian moral principle embraced by Augustine topographic points inquiries of right and
incorrect under the authorization of a Godhead Godhead & # 8211 ; God. The Judeo-christian moral principle can be
summed up in one word & # 8211 ; Love. In Matthew 22:40 Jesus says: & # 8220 ; Love the Lord your God
with all your bosom and with all your psyche and with all your head. This is the first and
greatest commandment. And the 2nd is like it: Love you neighbor as yourself. & # 8221 ;
When Augustine said, & # 8220 ; Love God and make what you will & # 8221 ; , I believe he is asseverating the fact
that when a individual loves God genuinely he or she is in God & # 8217 ; s will. John 14:15 says, & # 8220 ; If you
love me, you will obey what I command. & # 8221 ; If a individual obeys God which is loving God
and loving his creative activity so a individual is in his will. The determinations made by a individual in
God & # 8217 ; s will are therefore ethical determination in position of the fact that God is the ultimate lesson
authorization. To assist his creative activity in finding right from incorrect he has provided the
Bible. Although non every ethical inquiry is covered in the Bible he has besides given us
his Spirit for counsel.
Utilitarianism like the Judeo-christian moral principle is sing others in a high respect.
Utilitarian desire the greatest felicity as an terminal and the Judeo-christian position
seeks love and obeisance to God.
These two ethical systems seem to be similar in this
facet of caring what happens to all people. Both Utilitarianism and the Judeo-christian
ethic take the focal point off the person and topographic point it on others.
The Utilitarian is taking to convey about the greatest sum of felicity to the
greatest sum of people. The Judeo-christian ethic is God-centered with the
commandment to truly love Him. This love places a individual in his Godhead will. People
operating in this system are besides called to love others as themselves. Bing in God & # 8217 ; s
Godhead will is the terminal by which love is the means. A individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is to God and
his Godhead will. On the other manus, in Utilitarianism a individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is to
Another point of discrepancy prevarications in the significance of love and felicity. For Mills,
felicity is the coveted terminal regardless of the agencies. Therefore at that place seems to be an absence
of criterions by which the agencies to obtain felicity are judged. If 10 people would
derive felicity by crushing and robbing a adult male whose life affects no 1, Utilitarianism
seems to hold this ethical. On the other manus, the Judeo-christian position clearly
sets criterions on actions. The commandment to love your neighbour as yourself dispels
such actions of whipping and robbing others.
Love as a commandment doesn & # 8217 ; t ever needfully intend felicity for the
greatest figure of people. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject is frequently a portion of
loving person. In Mill & # 8217 ; s moralss subject is what may go on to the minority to
supply felicity for the bulk. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject may affect
the bulk such as in the instance of God & # 8217 ; s disciplinary actions on Israel.
In the procedure of organizing a determination the Utilitarian must consciously weigh
results for the greatest felicity. This system places ultimate morality on the
single doing the determination. This is in blunt contrast to the moral authorization found in
the Judeo-christian moralss of God.