Utilitarianism Essay, Research PaperUtilitarianism is the ethical philosophy which basically states that which is good isthat which brings about the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill believedthat the determinations we make should ever profit the most people every bit much as possibleirrespective of the effects to the minority or even yourself. He would state all thataffairs in the determination of right versus incorrect is the sum of felicity produced by theeffects. In the determinations we make Mill would state that we need to weigh theresults and do our determination based on that result that benefits the bulk. ForMill, pleasance is the lone desirable effect of our determinations or actions.The Judeo-christian moral principle embraced by Augustine topographic points inquiries of right andincorrect under the authorization of a Godhead Godhead & # 8211 ; God.
The Judeo-christian moral principle can besummed up in one word & # 8211 ; Love. In Matthew 22:40 Jesus says: & # 8220 ; Love the Lord your Godwith all your bosom and with all your psyche and with all your head. This is the first andgreatest commandment. And the 2nd is like it: Love you neighbor as yourself.
& # 8221 ;When Augustine said, & # 8220 ; Love God and make what you will & # 8221 ; , I believe he is asseverating the factthat when a individual loves God genuinely he or she is in God & # 8217 ; s will. John 14:15 says, & # 8220 ; If youlove me, you will obey what I command. & # 8221 ; If a individual obeys God which is loving Godand loving his creative activity so a individual is in his will. The determinations made by a individual inGod & # 8217 ; s will are therefore ethical determination in position of the fact that God is the ultimate lessonauthorization. To assist his creative activity in finding right from incorrect he has provided theBible. Although non every ethical inquiry is covered in the Bible he has besides given ushis Spirit for counsel.
Utilitarianism like the Judeo-christian moral principle is sing others in a high respect.Utilitarian desire the greatest felicity as an terminal and the Judeo-christian positionseeks love and obeisance to God.These two ethical systems seem to be similar in thisfacet of caring what happens to all people. Both Utilitarianism and the Judeo-christianethic take the focal point off the person and topographic point it on others.The Utilitarian is taking to convey about the greatest sum of felicity to thegreatest sum of people. The Judeo-christian ethic is God-centered with thecommandment to truly love Him.
This love places a individual in his Godhead will. Peopleoperating in this system are besides called to love others as themselves. Bing in God & # 8217 ; sGodhead will is the terminal by which love is the means.
A individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is to God andhis Godhead will. On the other manus, in Utilitarianism a individual & # 8217 ; s committedness is topleasance.Another point of discrepancy prevarications in the significance of love and felicity. For Mills,felicity is the coveted terminal regardless of the agencies.
Therefore at that place seems to be an absenceof criterions by which the agencies to obtain felicity are judged. If 10 people wouldderive felicity by crushing and robbing a adult male whose life affects no 1, Utilitarianismseems to hold this ethical. On the other manus, the Judeo-christian position clearlysets criterions on actions. The commandment to love your neighbour as yourself dispelssuch actions of whipping and robbing others.
Love as a commandment doesn & # 8217 ; t ever needfully intend felicity for thegreatest figure of people. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject is frequently a portion ofloving person. In Mill & # 8217 ; s moralss subject is what may go on to the minority tosupply felicity for the bulk. In the Judeo-christian ethic subject may affectthe bulk such as in the instance of God & # 8217 ; s disciplinary actions on Israel.In the procedure of organizing a determination the Utilitarian must consciously weighresults for the greatest felicity.
This system places ultimate morality on thesingle doing the determination. This is in blunt contrast to the moral authorization found inthe Judeo-christian moralss of God.