Poverty is a relentless societal phenomenon. A functional analysis ( Robert Merton ) of poorness may explicate positive maps as to why such phenomenon continues to prevail. as seen by Herbert J. Gans’ survey. “The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay for All” . which expresses 13 positive maps of poorness and farther expresses its consistence with the functionalist position. In society. everything goes manus in manus. the rich need the hapless and the hapless need the rich. Gans expresses that the being of poorness ensures that society’s “dirty work” gets done. the first positive map of poorness. Society has two picks. they can pay higher rewards to make “clean work” or they can coerce the hapless to make the “dirty work” for lower rewards. which is what in fact is being done in the American society. “Economic activities that involve soiled work depend in the hapless for their existence… and could non prevail in their present signifier without the poor” ( Gans. p. 46 ) . This is a perfect illustration of how equilibrium is maintained in society. which satisfies one of the basic propositions of functionalism.
It explains that the flush and the impoverished are mutualist and hence keep a balance as a portion of society. Since the rich and the hapless are mutualist. they each have to carry through certain maps in order to keep equilibrium. Gans clearly expresses that poorness persists because it fulfills certain positive maps. He farther explains that the disfunctions of poorness maintain the maps of the flush by agencies of non-intended interactions such as: the hapless committing offenses. and in bend the constabulary. the more flush. have occupations ; on the other manus. the affluent demand to go on increasing their wealth and hence use the hapless to make society’s “dirty work” at low rewards. In other words. consistent with functionalism. each portion ( rich and hapless. in this instance ) of this societal system fulfills specific maps. whether manifest or latent as a effect for equilibrium ( another basic proposition of functionalism ) .
Gans provinces that “like any other societal phenomenon. poorness survives in portion because it is utile to society or some of its parts” ( Gans. p. 48 ) . Furthermore. he clarifies that although there are options for such phenomenon as is poorness. to be eliminated. it will go on to transport on and merely do disfunction within the wealthy which in bend would necessitate a signifier of reorganisation ( redistribution of wealth more specifically ) within the system. In other words. unless the hapless become rich and powerful. alteration for the destitute can’t truly occur. In a sense so. the hapless are hapless without a pick and society needs the hapless to be hapless and the rich to be rich. As a consequence of such status. there is a consensus from both parts to keep the equilibrium in society because it would ease the cooperation necessary to run into the demands of the person. from each portion of the system. every bit good as the demands of the society in its entireness. Finally. this would farther keep socialisation and societal control to continue order in society ( functionalism’s basic propositions ) .