Vikings 4 Essay, Research Paper
Throughout history, Vikings have been portrayed as graceless and loutish plagiarists. Their narrative is ill-famed. They were good known, and feared, by those they conquered. They seemed purpose on bringing mayhem on all civilisations, and blithe of the well being of their ain. These accusals have originated, though, chiefly from the victims of Viking conquerings, and have, in most instances, been exagerated. Although Vikings have the stereotype of being barbarous savages, they really lived complex, emotional, and civilised lives.
The word Viking has many different readings. Most bookmans belive it originated from Viking victims from such words as vikingr ( Old Norse for plagiarist ) , wic, and wicingas ( Old English for plagiarist / crewman ; campsite ) ( p.13, Magnusson ) . The word Viking, nevertheless, is used as a wide term for any Scandinavian ( Norseman ) during the Middle Ages.
Harmonizing to popular beliefs, Vikings were plagiarists, and the consequences of their buccaneering were lay waste toing to those they conquered. Many of these positions are right. Vikings raided other states. They looted hoarded wealth, destroyed towns and small towns, and killed many people. Records of these awful foraies exist in the literature, and by word of oral cavity of the people in the states they invaded. This may look shocking to the modern ear, but invasions were executed by many civilizations in the Middle Ages, non merely by the Vikings. In a disruptive period, when buccaneering and insouciant raiding were a platitude of mundane life all over Europe, the Vikings happened to be more successful at it than most other people ; and they paid for it by acquiring an highly bad repute. ( p.10, Golding ) . Vikings had small other to be identified with. They had really few written records, or literature, or plants of art as many other civilizations were developing at the clip. Naturally, they became known for what they did best.
There are many Viking stereotypes that are barely true. These hyperboles range from their life style to their physical visual aspect ( they did non wear horns on their helmets, for illustration ; this stereotype was due to their anti-Christ repute ) . Tacitus said that the barbarian Vikings were really a free and baronial people. Men were first-class combatants. Womans were moral and obedient ( p.14, Golding ) . Vikings were non highly barbarian. They had a category system and faith. They had other patterns besides simply sailing and busting. They were besides capable of demoing an extent of different emotions. barbarian Vikings were non barren of the baronial emotions. If a Viking s choler could be awful, his love could be strong and stamp.
The Viking category system was much like other category systems during the Middle Ages. The supreme swayer of the land was the male monarch. Below the male monarch were the Viking work forces, the Viking adult females, and at the underside of the list: the slaves. Slaves normally were captured enemies of the Vikings. They tended to farm-work and housekeeping. Vikings slaves were non considered human by their Masterss. In fact, it was common to kill a slave of another Viking as an act of retaliation ( this was similar to killing a caprine animal or calf ) . Killing a slave, at times, was even considered a baronial manner for a adult male to stand up for his rights ( p.20, Magnusson ) .
Viking work forces were trained to contend courageously and ferociously for their ownerships at a really immature age. They were normally taken off from their female parents to be raised by work forces. Male childs were
raised this manner to go warriors ( the noblest of professions ) . In the thick of all the warlike preparation, Viking male childs grew into a particular relationship with their male parents. The greatest individual bond was between a male parent and boy. A adult male s bequest need non decease with him if he had a boy. A boy was expected to revenge his male parent s decease. This retribution frequently resulted in household feuds that could last many coevalss. It was a great calamity for a male parent to lose his boy.
A large difference between the Viking societal category system, and general Middle Age category systems, was the importance of adult females. Viking adult females were considered about equal to Viking work forces. A free Viking adult female did non plead for regard. She demanded it. It is funny how a apparently barbarian civilization would hold imposts so far in front of their clip.
Viking adult females had household responsibilities. They took attention of the babies and female kids, cooked, and cleaned. When a hubby was away at sea, it was the married woman s duty to run the farm and command the slaves. Women frequently had to form the defence to protect the family against onslaughts during their hubby s absence. They sometimes joined in the existent conflict themselves.
In matrimony, Viking work forces and adult females were peers. Womans did non take their hubby s name. Marriage was a concern proposition by the parents of the twosome, non an act of love. Romantic love was non a portion of Viking civilization. ( Love vocals were even banned as harmful during the whole Viking epoch. ) The love between a hubby and married woman was out of common regard for one another, and out of the bond that grew between them over clip ( pp.20-23, Magnusson ) .
Vikings had a faith dwelling of many Gods and goddesses. Each was in control of some facet of nature. There was even a societal category amongst the Gods. Odin was the chief-god, and the God of the sky. He had two Corvus coraxs, Hunin and Munin, on his shoulders that brought him the intelligence. He and the other members of Aesir ( group of rule Gods ) lived in Asgard ( heaven ) . When a Viking warrior died uprightly by the blade, he hoped to fall in the Gods and dine in Asgard.
Other good known Viking Gods include: Thor, the God of boom, Brono, the God of daytime, and Aegir, the God of the sea. These and other moral Gods did conflict with evil Gods and animals. These include Loki, a God who turned against Aesir, Hela ( Hel ) , the goddess of the underworld, and Trolls and Ogres, who lived amongst the life ( www.sneaker ) .
Near the terminal of the Viking epoch, much of the civilisation was converted to Christianity. This alteration came with many others. Viking s during this clip became more peaceable. They settled down with less seafaring lives and focused more on the promotion of their Scandinavian civilization.
Viking civilisation expanded from Scandinavia ( and other adjacent states ) to states all over the universe. Although they went east to Russia for trading, most of their enlargement was through Europe, and west to Iceland and Greenland. There is even grounds that the Vikings were the first Europeans to put pes on North America ( pp.173-175, New American Desk Encyclopedia ) .
Vikings left small for modern adult male to retrieve them by. Few Hagiographas or artefacts remain from the Viking epoch. It is known from the brief spots of information that clip has given, that the Vikings were a complex and soldierly people even though history gives them a barbarous repute.