Was The Gallic Revolution Over Essay, Research Paper
When Louis XVI accepted the concluding version of the completed fundamental law in September 1791, a immature and still vague provincial attorney and member of the National Assembly named Maximilian Robespiere evaluated the work of two old ages and concluded, The Revolution is over. ( McKay, p. 752 ) In his statement, Robespiere is both right and incorrect. He was right in that the first stage of the Gallic Revolution with the old purposes of autonomy, equality, and representative authorities had ideally accomplished it s end. However, the Revolution did non stop at that place, and the 2nd stage gave birth to new purposes that were of the far left of the political spectrum, taking to the Committee of
Public Safety s reign of panic which led to the demand for alteration one time more.
The first stage of the Gallic Revolution began as the middle class s wants of equality with the aristocracy. The Gallic middle class finally rose up to take the full 3rd estate in a great societal revolution, a revolution that destroyed feudal privileges and established a capitalist order based on individuality and a market economic system. ( McKay, p. 746 ) When excluded from the Estates General and sent to the tennis tribunals, this 3rd category took the Curse
of the Tennis Court, plighting that they would non disband until a new fundamental law had been written.
At the get downing s of the first stage, merely the middle class and broad aristocracy were basically taking portion in the revolution. Grain was the staff of life for the ordinary people in 18th century France. Their most of import issues were those of economic sciences, and non political relations. That is why they had non taken portion in the revolution until the rise in grain monetary values, doing such poorness, combined with the exhilaration of political crisis caused the people of Paris to come in. Their purposes for the revolution were that the people should hold steady work and adequate staff of life at just monetary values to last.
During the twelvemonth of 1789, many cardinal points of the first stage had taken topographic point. Several hundred people had stormed the Bastille in hunt of gunpowder. Great fright of provincial rebellions had risen in the first and 2nd estate. Third, the National Assembly had issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man. It stated, Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. This was the philosophical footing for which the fundamental law that Louis XVI accepted, doing France a new constitutional monarchy.
A paradigm displacement had occurred, and the people of the Revolution experienced a alteration in thoughts. A new legislative organic structure had been formed, the Legislative Assembly. It s members were younger and less cautious than their predecessors. The representatives to the Legislative Assembly were passionately committed to broad revolution. ( McKay, p. 753 )
The Legislative Assembly had been closely linked to the political group of the Jacobins. When it d
isbanded, the National Convention was formed, which consisted of all Jacobins. After the autumn of the monarchy which was already lying on its deathbed, a rapid radicalization of the Revolution occurred. The September Massacres followed Louis XVI s imprisonment, and the National Convention had proclaimed France a democracy. This republic sought to make a new popular civilization to guarantee its hereafter, which would divide itself from the yesteryear and rise in glorification of the new order.
While there was a split within the National Convention between the Mountains and the Girondins, it was non rather an equal split, and Louis XVI was convicted of lese majesty and was punished by the closure by compartment.
The split between the two groups in the National Convention caused tenseness among the group. Finally, the Mountains gained power, with Robespiere as their leader. They joined the Committee of Public Safety, which began the reign of panic. This dictorial power had the ideals of the far political left in which there was a planned economic system and direct assistance to
the hapless in an effort to do everyone equal. At this clip, France was at the same time at war with practically the remainder of Europe. So while they were in control of their people, they had to cover with jobs of confronting the remainder of the Continent.
This reign of panic had the purposes of stoping the lives of counter revolutionists as to accomplish a true revolution. The power and the control the Committee of Public Safety had over the people can do one to oppugn their effort to accomplish true revolution. They had complete control. The reign of panic had killed 40,000, imprisoned 10 1000s of people, and drafted 800,000 provincials to contend the war against Europe. How this was to take to a true revolution was questionable, and finally, others began to recognize this as good and rose against Robespiere and he was guillotined in July of 1794. With his decease, the Committee of Public Safety came to an terminal, as so their unreliable reign.
Following the terminal of the reign of panic, a new fundamental law was formed with the Directory in leading. In this political system, the cosmopolitan male right to vote participated in the popular ballot in electing their voters. The voters so made the ballot of taking the five
work forces to be on the Directory. However, the unfastened elections were unstable, and were so questioned. This caused the people to return back to bourgeoisie liberalism, in hunt of true autonomy, equality, and representation.
Robespiere had said the Revolution was over at the terminal of the first stage. He was right in that the first stage had ended, and the Revolution s first ends were accomplished. He was wrong in that new ideals were formed, and therefore more action was taken. Interestingly plenty, he was a major leader of the stage that continued the Revolution, and forced it to turn one time more, back to where it had started in its ideals.