In a house that was near the Ganges River, there lived a wealthy family that was doing their chores. This family included a mother, father, and a boy. The boy in this family was named “Chaitanya” meaning “consciousness” in English. While Chaitanya was doing his daily chores that day, his mother came over and asked him if he was willing to do an extra chore for her. This chore was washing clothes in the Ganges River. Chaitanya told her that he was happy to do that for her. His mother gave him the clothes that she wanted him to wash and then went straight down to the Ganges River.

He looked at the filthy water with a disgusted look on his face and then told himself that he was not going to wash his family’s clothes in this water. Pollution and specifically water pollution is a problem facing the entire world; however it is a serious problem facing India today. This includes most of India’s rivers. Unfortunately, India’s holiest river, which is the Ganges is involved in this situation. The Ganges River is located in the North Eastern part of India. This river is India’s holiest river because of the main pilgrimage site for Hindu’s to travel to and when they do they perform many rituals in it.

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This is one of many reasons of why India’s water pollution rates are very high. Three chief reasons of why India’s water pollution rates are very high are because of the poor education system, how the Indian Government is spending its money, and the condition of the infrastructure. The quality of the education system is one of the main reasons why the water pollution rates are very high in India. This is because it is not up to the standard as compared to many developed countries, such as the USA and Canada. Because this is the case, most of the citizens of India don’t know how to take care of the environment.

This includes how to dispose their garbage, how to make proper sewage systems, and how to clean water so that it can be drinkable or usable to wash things with. One of the problems that is causing the education system of India to become weak is the percentage of children who are not in school. Currently only about 11% out of all of India’s people who are under the age of 25 go to tertiary institutions. This is low because the world average of this particular problem is 23% (Parthasarathy, http://theviewspaper. net).

This affect’s the quality of water because if people do not attend school, then they will very little understanding about how to take care of the environment. Another one of the problems that is causing the education system of India to become weak is because of how high the literacy rates in the country are. This includes both men and women. This also includes people with disabilities. As of 2001, the percentage of the citizens in India that are literate is 65. 38%. This includes both men and women. As The men’s percentage was 75. 85%. The women’s percentage was 54. 16%. This increased from 5% in 1901.

The reason why it increased is because the education system has improved. (Government of India, http://www. ibe. unesco. org). This affects the quality of water because if people know how to read, then they would better understand how important it is to take care of the environment. A third problem that is causing the education system of India to become weak is how high the poverty rates are. This includes both rural and urban poverty. Currently, around 38% of the citizens of India are poor. This is about 380 million people (AZAD INDIA FOUNDATION, http://www. azadindia. org). Also, 75. % of India’s population lives under $2. 00 per day (Haub, Carl and O. P. Sharma, http://www. prb. org). This shows that poor people usually have very large families and they need a great deal of water for their everyday life. The Indian Government is very aware about this situation. Since they are aware of it, they are introducing new things to improve it. One of the things that they are introducing is a radio program that will inform the people about or how they should take care of the environment. They have introduced this because they believe that this program would cover more than 80% of the country and its population.

In the end, this radio program could be helpful since a lot of people in India are poor, but they still have access to radios. The Indian Government will then try to increase the awareness and understanding of the connection between human and the environment (Government of India, http://india. gov. in). Another thing that the Indian Government is introducing is environmental education for school children. They have done this by introducing a program for schools that is all about sanitation and hygiene. This includes hand washing, infrastructure to clean water, and washing storage (Government of India, http://www. eeindia. org). To teach these children, they have made a cartoon book and an activity manual for teachers. The cartoon book and teacher’s manual is mainly for primary school students and teaches sanitation and personal hygiene. Since they are doing this, the possibility of the water pollution levels of their country would possibly be lower (Government of India, http://www. ceeindia. org). Lack of education in India is not the only reason why water pollution rates are very high there. In addition to that, the way the government spends money is another reason why water pollution levels are so high.

This is because they are not spending enough of their money on things that are necessary to improve their citizen’s lives. The Indian Government currently only spends about 3. 4% of their money on health care and 12. 7% of their money on education (http://www. visualeconomics. com). Compared to some other countries in the world, such as the US (19. 3%), Norway (17. 9%), and Sweden’s (13. 8%) percent of the budget they spend on health care, the amount of money that India spends on health care is quite small (http://www. visualeconomics. com). Because of this, this is part of the reason why the water pollution rates are high there.

Also, Compared to some other countries around the world, such as Mexico (24. 3%), Iran (17. 7%), and South Africa (18. 5%), the amount of money that India spends on education is not sufficient (http://www. visualeconomics. com). As a result, this is also part of the reason why the water pollution rates are substantially high there too. As for how much the Indian Government is spending on reducing the high rates of river pollution, they have spent almost 20 billion rupees or 500 million US dollars (http://www. gits4u. com). This is causing the water pollution standard of India to be low.

In addition to the lack of the education system and how much money the government is spending on things that their country would benefit from, industrialization is another reason of why the water pollution levels are very high in India. This is mainly due to how people and factories dispose of pollutants into water resources, but in some rivers, such as the Ganges, there are more reasons of why the water pollution levels are high. When people or factories do this, they cause various illnesses that people could catch if they use that water for bathing, drinking, or swimming.

Some of the diseases that are caused by the polluted water are infections which are caused by animal waste and cancer (Humphreys, http://www. suite101. com). One water resource that has been affected is the Ganges River. This is mainly because many of the cities that are along this river are extremely industrialized and most of those factories dump their pollutants into it because they don’t have sufficient treatment facilities. This is also because of the many rituals that Hindus perform with it (http://www. gits4u. com).

One of these rituals that Hindus perform with the Ganges River is whenever a Hindu has died, they cremate that person’s body and then scatter its ashes all around the river. They do this because they believe that it will cleanse the souls of their sins (V, http://www. hinduwebsite. com). A place where this happens frequently is in the city of Varanasi, which is India’s holiest city that is located on the Ganges River. To support this, there are currently about 40,000 cremations that take place there every year (http://www. gits4u. com).

This is As for industries dumping their pollutants into it, there are 29 Class I cities (cities that have a population of over 100,000), 23 Class II cities (Cities that have a population between 50,000 and 100,000), and 48 towns that are scattered along the Ganges River that have many of their industries doing this. These industries include both tanneries and factories (Panikkar, http://www. eoearth. org). Some of the pollutants that most of these industries dump into the Ganges River are sulfuric acid, chromium sulfate, arsenic, cadmium, and mercury (Hammer, http://www. mithsonianmag. com). Another river that has been affected because of this happening is the Yamuna River. This is because people have been putting large amounts of partially treated and untreated water into it. The source of the pollution is along the banks of the river. ((Panikkar, http://www. eoearth. org). The Indian Government is very aware of this problem. They are solving it by prohibiting the disposal of pollutants into water resources and enacted a law that requires any people to request permission if they could pollute it.

Specifically, they are putting in sewage treatment systems in 25 Class I cities which are along the Ganges River ((Panikkar, http://www. eoearth. org). They have also spent over 4 billion dollars on trying to clean the Ganges River too (Pipola, http://web. ebscohost. com). In conclusion, India’s water pollution rates are really high because of its weak education system, the ways of how the Indian Government is using its money, and the current status of the infrastructure. This is a problem because it affects the quantity of deaths that happen in this country and also makes a lot of the citizens health to be poor.

This is also a problem because it could affect the rest of the world’s water polluted too. In order for this problem to be fixed, India’s Government needs to make sure that all of their country has proper sewage systems, a strong educational system that clearly explains to its citizens about how to take care of the environment. Annotated List of Works Cited: “Environmental Pollution in India. ” Gits4u. com. N. p. , 2006. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Government of India. “Environmental Education, Awareness, Education & Training. ” India. Gov. in. N. p. , 2005. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Government of India. Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Status of Education in India National Report. New Delhi, India: National Educational Planning & Administration, 2008. UNESCO. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. . UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) wrote this government publication because they wanted to inform people about how the educational system in India works so that those people would be able to understand more about the country of India. UNESCO mainly wrote this publication for people who like to learn more about how things work in other countries. This document is biased because it tries to persuade people that India’s education system is weak.

This government publication is useful because it clearly explains a very detailed picture about India’s education system. This helped to provide evidence about India’s current education system. UNESCO does this by giving good examples of what the current status’ are about how India’s education system is progressing. One example of this is that they state the current literacy rate percentage for both men and women altogether. “School Sanitation and Hygiene Project. ” CEEIndia. org. N. p. , n. d. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Hammer, Joshua. “A Prayer for the Ganges. ” Smithsonian Magazine. SmithSonianMag. om. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Joshua Hammer is a staff writer for the Smithsonian Magazine. He wrote this article because he wanted people to realize that they need to start doing something so that global warming stops. Joshua Hammer mainly wrote this article for people who are interested in reading about problems that are currently happing around the world. This article is biased because Joshua Hammer shows that India has many problems associated with water pollution. This article is useful because it gives a real life story about how the people that live by the Ganges River are affected.

This article is also useful because it gives useful facts about what the Ganges River is and how it is used. Haub, Carl, and O. P. Sharma. “What Is Poverty Really? The Case of India. ” Population Reference Bureau. N. p. , 2011. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. . Carl Haub and O. P. Sharma’s are from the PRB (Population Reference Bureau. ) The PRB is a publicly and privately funded organization looking at population and environment around the world. The main reason why Carl Haub and O. P Sharma wrote this article is because they wanted to inform people about how the current poverty status in India is progressing.

The people who Carl Haub and O. P. Sharma mainly wrote this website is for people who want to understand why the country of India is very poor. This article is not biased because it is just stating the facts of the current poverty status in India. This article is useful because it gives great examples of what the poverty levels in India are at this moment. One of these examples includes what the minimum income of most citizens of India receive daily, which is 16 Indian Rupees or $0. 35 in US Dollars. “How Countries Spend Their Money. ” VisualEconomies. com. N. p. , 2010. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. . Humphreys, Elizabeth. “The Effects of Water Pollution on Health. ” Suite101 (2009). Print. Elizabeth Humphreys is a staff writer for Suite101. She wrote this article because she wanted other people to know about how water pollution affects their health so that whenever they have an opportunity to swim in water that is polluted they will already know some of the health issues that they could receive. Elizabeth Humphreys mainly wrote this article for people who are interested in learning about environmental issues, such as air pollution and water pollution.

This article talks about this situation that is currently happening all over the world. This article is biased because it tries to persuade and warn people about things that could happen to them if they swim in water that is polluted. This article is useful because it clearly explains how water gets polluted around the world and how it affects people’s health. This article is also useful because it gives some great examples of some diseases/health issues that people could get if they swam in polluted water, such as cancer and tooth decay.

Parthasarathy, Keshav. “Education System of India: Its Functions, Drawbacks, and Its Contribution. ” TheViewsPaper. net. N. p. , 13 July 2009. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Pipola, Jyoti Hottam. “How India’s Success Is Killing Its Holy River. ” Time 19 July 2010. EbscoHost. com. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. . Jyoti Thottam is a staff writer for Time. He wrote this article because they wanted other people to understand more about what causes rivers to be polluted. In this article, she is specifically talking about the Ganges River, which is the holiest river in India.

Jyoti Thottam mainly wrote this article for people who are interested in learning about how pollution destroys nature, which in this case it is rivers. This article is biased because it tries to persuade people to always be alert about what things they put into the ocean, such as stuff that comes out of sewers. This article is useful because it clearly explains how the Ganges River is getting destroyed. An example of this is Hindus scattering the bodies of dead Hindus along this river. This article is useful in the paper because it will help support my main point about the condition of the infrastructure. Poverty in India. ” Azad India Foundation. N. p. , 2010. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. . Azad India Foundation is an organization based in India that looks at literacy and education. The main reason why Azad India Foundation wrote this article is to notify people about how the current poverty status in India is progressing. Azad India Foundation mainly wrote this article for people who are interested in learning about poverty and how it affects other people in other countries around the world. This article is biased because it too also tries to make people feel bad about what the current poverty status of India.

This article is useful because it gives great examples of what the poverty levels in India are currently. This article is useful in the paper because will help support my main point about the lack of the education system in India. One of these examples includes the percentage of people that are poor in India, which is nearly 38%. Shukla, Sudheer Kumar. “Indian River Systems and Pollution. ” EoEarth. org. Ed. Avanish K Panikkar. N. p. , 12 Nov. 2009. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. . V. , Jayaram. “Hinduism and Death. ” HinduWebsite. com. N. p. , 2010. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. .