What Effect Do Ultra-Thin Media Ideals Used in Advertising and Magazine Covers Have on Women’s Body ImageLiterature ReviewOne significant element of modernity is the appearance of the mass media of communication.

The occurrence of media power in modern societies is well documented. Research proof on the relationships of women to the media demonstrates contact to modern society and the media has augmented. We shall investigate the association among media usage and indicators of modernisation. In spite of the occurrence of the media in modern society, there is a shortage of research and analysis on the association between experience to the media and ethnic individuality in general, and women in particular (Allen, M., 2005, 258-283).Media is an enormous influence today.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Our culture is media-saturated: ads, TV, radio, internet, movies, magazines, newspapers, billboards, video games, logos. Media sends messages on several levels: written words which people think are most important but they really aren’t; images which are much more powerful than people tend to think; and sounds (music) which create feelings that people are not often conscious of. Media images are coded to strengthen philosophy, or the leading beliefs of a society. What want to be occupied is the “common sense” ideals our society holds, like being good-looking way being thin, tan, buff, tall, but not too tall, by shiny hair, flawless skin, undimpled thighs and abs of steel. This isn’t common sense because it’s true; its common sense because that’s the message society has been bombarded with for years. The most frightening part is that this destructive message is reaching children especially girls.

Specifically this paper will address the following: Does the media have the aptitude to influence young girls to be thin, as well as, engage in sexual activity, and does the media exploit women or male? Through the tremendous amount of research collected by books, encyclopaedias, the internet, and a survey conducted amongst thirty women, it will be demonstrated that the media has influenced women to be more worried about their appearance, further open to sexual doings, and has exploited women to the point where depression is a common outcome for these women (Allen, M., 2000, pp. 139-169).Media and Body ImageAccording to the expert analysis advertisers frequently emphasise sexuality and the significance of physical attractiveness in an effort to sell products, but researchers are worried that these places too much force on young girls to focus on their exterior. In a latest survey by Teen People magazine, 27% of the girls felt that the media stress them to have a ideal body, and a poll conducted in 1996 by the international ad agency Saatchi and Saatchi establish that ads made women fear being unappealing. Researchers propose advertising media may unfavourably collision girls body image, which can lead to unhealthy performance as they struggle for the ultra-thin body romanticise by the media (Allen, M., 2005, 5-26).

If we analyse then we come to know that the average adults sees four hundred to six hundred advertisements per day and by the time she is seventeen years old, she has received over two hundred and fifty thousand commercial messages through the media. Only 9% of commercials have a direct statement about beauty, but many other unreservedly emphasise the significance of beauty, chiefly those that target women. One revision of toy commercials establish that 50% of commercials expected at women spoke concerning physical charisma, while none of the commercials aimed at boys referred to exterior.6 Other studies found 50% of advertisements in teen girl magazines and 56% of television commercials aimed at female viewers used beauty as a product appeal.7 This steady contact to female-oriented advertisements may pressure women to become self-conscious concerning their bodies and to preoccupy over their physical exterior as a measure of their value (Alzate, H. 1978, 43-54).If we analyse then we come to know that Advertisements highlight thinness as a standard for female beauty, and the bodies romanticise in the media are often atypical of normal, healthy women.

In fact, today’s fashion models weigh 23% less than the average female, and a young Adult between the ages of eighteen to thirty four has a 7% chance of being as slim as a catwalk model and a 1% chance of being as thin as a supermodel.8 Though, 69% of girls in one study said that magazine models authority their thought of the ideal body form, and the all-encompassing receipt of this impractical body type creates an not practical normal for the preponderance of girls. Several researchers consider that advertisers deliberately regularise romantically thin bodies, in order to generate an unachievable wish that can drive product expenditure.9 “The media markets desire.

And by reproducing ideals that are absurdly out of line with what real bodies really do look like…the media perpetuates a market for frustration and disappointment. “Its customers will never disappear,” writes Paul Hamburg, an assistant professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.10 Considering that the diet industry alone generates thirty three billion dollars in revenue advertisers have been successful with their marketing strategy (Boeringer, S. B. 1994, 289-304).

According to the experts about all women often contrast their bodies to those they see approximately them, and researchers have found that experience to romanticise body images lowers women’s approval with their own good looks. One study found that people who were exposed slides of thin models had lower self-evaluations than people who had seen average and extra-large models and adults reported in a Body Image Survey that “very thin” models made them feel unsure of you about themselves. Numerous health professionals are also worried by the occurrence of indistinct body image amongst women, which may be promote by their steady self-comparison to tremendously thin figures promoted in the media. Seventy-five percent (75%) of “normal” weight women think they are plump and 90% of women overvalue their body size (Brannigan, A.

1997, 594-610).Displeasure with their bodies causes lots of women to struggle for the thin perfect. The number one wish for girls ages eleven to seventeen is to be thinner, and girls as young as five have expressed fears of getting fat.

Eighty percent (80%) of ten year old girls have dieted, and at any one time, 50% of American women are currently dieting. A number of researchers propose depicting thin models may lead girls into harmful weight-control habits, since the ideal they seek to imitate is unachievable for many and unhealthy for most. A latest research establish that 47% of the girls were prejudiced by magazine pictures to desire to lose weight, but only 29% were really overweight. Research has also established that severe dieting to attain an ideal figure can play a key position in triggering eating disorders. Other researchers consider depicting thin models come into view not to have long-term negative effects on the majority adolescents, but they do agree it affects girls who previously have body-image troubles. Girls who were previously disgruntled with their bodies showed supplementary dieting, anxiety, and bulimic symptoms after protracted experience to fashion and advertising images in a teen adult’s magazine (Brown, D.

, 2001, pp. 3-24). Thus, it is obvious that the media pressures young girls to obtain this unrealistic almost impossible body image in order to be accepted as beautiful.

  Construction of Self-Image With Regards To Media Depiction of the Female BodyThe construction of self-image among women is unnatural of those who are motivated to be like the impractical depictions in the media. The idealistic depiction of all these women show business celebrities formulates it complicated for a normal woman to achieve the identical body as of show business celebrities or women mostly depicted in media that guides to a low esteem in their self-image. (Murray, 2003)It is principally young girls who look up to depicted women with unrealistic body shapes in the media for the reason that they desire to happen to be like them, although they are not a correct depiction of the normal woman. The main reason for selecting thin and tall women is it attracts the concentration and attention of large number of audiences. (Harrison, 2003) Audiences are raised in a manner of judging a woman’s figurative appearance; consequently if a woman in an advert is not very eye-catching or over weight, it is most assured that one would not attain the equivalent attention as a gorgeous woman. Despite of the reason that a woman does not have an ideal body shape, she should still be provided the time of day and the esteem that every woman ought to have. Each person is created in a different way and for that rationale no one is perfect. Society is obsessed on forcing women into fitting the ideal “Barbie figure” that is enormously iniquitous and is a state of mind that must be transformed.

The girls who cannot achieve the ideal body shape lake a Barbie, looses their self esteem that leads to a number of problems to these women.Media and SexSexual action is often depicting in the media, but it is hardly ever offset by grave talk of contraception or penalty. Does experience to such satisfied donate to teenage sexual movement and pregnancy? As more study is wanted, research indicates there is an association among contact to sexual satisfied in the media and sexual attitude, attitudes and behaviours. Studies of female young people have found that serious television presentation can lead to unenthusiastic attitudes in the direction of remaining a virgin and that there is an association among watching high doses of television and early beginning of sexual intercourse. Three out of four teens articulate the detail that “TV shows and movies make it seem normal for teenagers to have sex” is one reason teenagers have sex. 63% of entertainment industry professionals surveyed felt that television portrayals of sex and sexual references influence young people’s decision to have sex. Further than three out of four Americans say that the way TV programs demonstrate sex encourages thoughtless sexual behaviour (Chan, D.

W., 2003, 363-371). The media are filled with seductive messages, yet “People are given little support in understanding sexual feelings or defining responsible sexual behaviour,” reported the Journal of the American Medical Association. This be short of support may lead to perplexing and sometimes opposing beliefs and performance among teenagers which, in turn, may donate to the difficulty of teen pregnancy.

In recent years, new concentration has been given to media’s pressure on teen sexual action. Consider these statistics: According to the latest research half of teenage girls say they have erudite “a lot” or some concerning pregnancy and birth control from TV demonstrate and movies. No doubt, four out of ten girls say they have gotten thoughts for how to talk to their boyfriends concerning sexual issues from activity media (Choi, Y. J.

, 2000, 205-208).According to the American Psychological Association approximation that teenagers are bare to fourteen sexual references and insinuation per year on television. A study have been conducted in 2001 of prime-time television by the Family Foundation establish that 75% of programs comprise sexual satisfied, and nearly six scenes per hour (5.8) enclose sexual talk and/or performance (Diamond, M., 2001, 475-495).Though sexual images are common on television, they are usually not impartial by clear messages concerning avoiding unintentional pregnancy, protecting alongside sexually transmitted diseases or organisation sexual action in a safe, healthy way.

For instance, few television programs ever talk about the unfavourable consequences that may consequence from having sex. According to the latest study establish that 4% of all scenes enclose sexual content alluded to risks and responsibilities, as only half of these made it the main focus. These uncommon portrayals of sexual risks such as sickness and pregnancy trivialise the importance of sexual blame and can give teenagers an impractical view of safety measures they should take. In addition, with no strengthen the idea of warning behaviour before each sexual come across, the significance of sexual liability and dependable contraceptive use is totally damaged (Diamond, M., 2002, 1-22).

Television programs targeting adolescent audiences often promote positive depictions of sexual relationships. No doubt, these shows are less probable to portray characters attractive in sexual contact, and conversation of sexual risks and everyday jobs are twice as probable to be found when depict sexual content connecting young adults. Though, young people over and over again watch television shows and movies aimed at grown-up audiences, programs that may be additional careless in their representation of sexuality, and teenagers are unintentionally uncovered to these challenging images (Diener, E.

, 2005, 71-75).Entertaining music videos also have sexually open lyrics and images. As sexual themes have forever been a feature of popular music, sexual references are becoming ever more straight with little room for understanding or ambiguity (Duncan, D.

, 2001, 68, 782).No doubt, print magazines show titillating imagery as well. Many magazine editorials and advertisements feature seductive models.

According to the latest research, 40% of female models were careful “provocatively” dressed, up from 28% in 1983, and 18% of the men were in a variety of states of undress, an augment from 11%. From time to time advertisers go a step additional and move from the proposal of sex to its real depiction. One study found 42% of articles commerce by sexual issues in teen magazines focused on sexual health and more than half of teen magazine articles wrap sexuality incorporated mention of contraception, unintentional pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and/or HIV/AIDS (Felson, R. B. 2005, 103-128).Much notice is focused on the web’s easy access to pornographic material, and concerns have been raised concerning sexual predators solicit children in Internet chat rooms. Though, the Internet can also act as a reserve for sexual fitness information.

A current survey by researchers found 68% of teenagers online are looking for information, particularly concerning responsive topics, such as sexual health.Despite the high level of sexual activity and innuendo in television programming, most networks have taken the position that contraceptive advertising will not be accepted. They generally uphold that contraceptive advertising would upset the moral and principled tastes of a good part of their viewer-ship. What they fail to consider is that their viewer-ship may benefit from contraceptive advertisements and information; 42% of teens say they want to know more concerning dissimilar kinds of contraception and 31% want additional information on where to get contraception. Furthermore in a poll by the Centre for Disease Control, there is a 73% of the public decided that information on condoms ought to be aired on television, as 92% of 18- to 25-year-old respondents decided. On the other hand, commercial advertisers are not forbidden from using sexual appeals to sell their products. Such discrepancy among portrayals of sexual action and sexual blame in advertisements may send puzzling messages concerning sex and its likely consequences (Fisher, W. A.

, 2004, 23-38).Exploitation of Women in MediaMany people in the amusement industry protest that they are allowed first alteration rights and that they can say or do or depict no matter which that they want. But when their rights start injuring Adult’s rights, where is the liberty of expression in that?Various magazines try to tell readers that by being other beautiful, women will be better-off and by wearing certain things and looking a sure way, they can attain anything in life that they had once thought was not possible. This impractical ideal is read and supposed by millions of teen girls each day in magazines. No speculate girls of this age group have grave self-esteem and despair issues. By means of perfect ideals set for them, no one can be any less than ideal and motionless be happy (Lam, T. H., 2001, 503-516).

This situation of media propaganda is copied by most, if not all, of the forms of media. Television, movies, music, and computers, all of these have demeaning ideals of girls. Such as adults in clothing ads that are seen in enlightening clothes and look as although they are scared and blameless need defence. They depict women as either powerless, weak, needing a man, or as a sex thing, without a mind and totally two dimensional, put on Earth to complete men’s needs. Negative depiction of girls in media has an effect on girls all over the place.

No doubt, if children are brought up watching television and seeing an earth in which females are second-class citizens, why ought to they grow up thoughts no matter which else? Women are seen, or at smallest amount depict, as less than human.In television and movies, realism is indistinct by the ideal representation of women yet again. Women are topic to violence, never-ending criticism, and demeaning comments. Men are the saviours, heroes, risk-takers, and common protectors of the feeble female.

Men are the major characters. The male has the quandary and the answer. The female’s role is to help the male and to look adequately pretty as doing it (Lee, P.

W. H., 2005, 101-106).No doubt, in music videos, aggression towards women is portrayed as satisfactory, and even fun. Music of all tastes is completely amusing women. Male performers use women in their videos as a fashion accessory, to make the video additional attractive to a larger audience. Female artists themselves clothing in very enlightening clothing, again try to make an impression a better, mostly male audience. This type of utilisation is chiefly damaging because younger generations look to music artists as role models, and desire to look, dress, and act like them, seeing all of their events as “right.

” (Malamuth, N. M., 2003, 563-576)In advertisements, ideal girls try to sell products to make the less than ideal female inhabitants feel more protected with her body. The realism is that women in advertisements are not even genuine women.

They are frequently “perfect” computer generated features of dissimilar women combined to create the “ideal” woman. The products will not make are frequently unenthusiastic, which is actually ironic because these images are extremely effectual in selling to female consumers (Li, Q. D., & Michael, R.

2005, 165-169).In pornography, women are presented as mere sex objects for men’s enjoyment. This shape of activity is sick and humiliating to women all over the world. These women deform men’s view of the entire female inhabitants.

Pornography, similar to rape, is a male creation, intended to dehumanise women, to decrease the female to an object of sexual right of entry, not to free sensuality from moralising or parental reserve. The fastener of porn will forever be the naked female body, breasts and genitals bare, since as man plan it, her naked body is the female’s ‘shame,’ her confidential parts the confidential property of man, as his are the very old, holy, universal, patriarchal tool of his power, his rule by power over her. Pornography is the straight spirit of anti-female misinformation.

With all this exploitation in media, how do we expect young girls to understand the “true” female ideal and not some phoney and unrealistic one? The media is constantly portraying women as slaves to men and therefore is blinding these young naïve girls into believing that they are truly only second best to the male population.Conclusion: Result of Media InfluenceIt is hard for girls to love and accept themselves because of the large distribution and influence of media depicting only one type of young woman. Women are struggling with media manipulation, self-loathing arising from impossible standards of physical beauty, and heavy pressure concerning having sex. In general, these girls are continually stuck in the cycle of wanting to be different and accepted all at once. As a result, young girls are suffering from serious depression. It is plain and simple, media influences girls to be what they are not, therefore trying to reach these media impacted goals and not succeeding leads girls to be dejected and feel unhappy with them.                    BibliographyAllen, M.

, D’Alessio, D., & Brezgel, K. (2005). A meta-analysis summarising the effects of pornography. II: Aggression after exposure. Human Communication Research, 22, 258-283.Allen, M.

, D’Alessio, D., & Emmers-Sommer, T. M. (2000). Reaction of criminal sexual offenders to pornography: A meta-analytic summary. In M. Roloff (Ed.

), Communication yearbook (Vol. 22, pp. 139-169).

Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage.Allen, M., Emmers, T., Gebhardt, L.

, Gebhardt, L., & Giery, M. A.

(2005). Exposure to pornography and acceptance of the rape myths. Journal of Communication, 45, 5-26.Alzate, H. (1978). Sexual behaviour of Colombian female university students.

Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 7, 43-54.Boeringer, S. B. (1994). Pornography and sexual aggression: Associations of violent and non-violent depictions with rape and rape proclivity. Deviant Behaviour, 15, 289-304.Brannigan, A.

(1997). The post-modern experiment: Science and ontology in experimental social psychology. British Journal of Psychology, 48, 594-610.Brown, D., & Bryant, J. (2001). Uses of pornography.

In D. Zillmann & J. Bryant (Eds.

), Pornography: Research advances and policy considerations (pp. 3-24). Hillsdale, N J: Erlbaum.

Chan, D. W., & Chan, T. S.

C. (2003). Reliability, validity and the structure of the General Health Questionnaire in a Chinese context.

Psychological Medicine, 13, 363-371.Choi, Y. J., Lee, W.

H., Rha, K. H., Xin, Z. C.

, Choi, Y. D., & Choi, H. K. (2000). Masturbation and its relationship to sexual activities of young males in Korean military service. Yonsei Medical Journal, 41, 205-208.

Diamond, M., & Dannemiller, J. E. (2001). Pornography and community standards in Hawaii: Comparison with other states. Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 18, 475-495.Diamond, M.

, & Uchiyama, A. (2002). Pornography, rape, and sex crimes in Japan. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 22, 1-22.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (2005). The satisfaction with life scale.

Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.Duncan, D. (2001).

Pornography as a source of sex information for students at a private north-eastern university. Psychological Reports, 68, 782.Felson, R.

B. (2005). Mass media effects on violent behaviour. Annual Review of Sociology, 22, 103-128.

Fisher, W. A., & Grenier, G.

(2004). Violent pornography, anti-women thoughts, and anti-women acts: In search of reliable effect. Journal of Sex Research, 31, 23-38.Harrison, K. (2003). Television viewers’ ideal body proportions: The case of the curvaceously thin woman. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 48 (5-6), 255-264.

Lam, T. H., Stewart, S. M., & Ho, L. M. (2001). Smoking and high-risk sexual behaviour among young adults in Hong Kong.

Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 24, 503-516.Lee, P. W.

H., Lam, T. H., Ong, S.

G., Wong, C. M., & Kleevens, J. W.

L. (2005). A modified version of the General Health Questionnaire as a measure of occupational mental health in Hong Kong. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 26, 101-106.Li, Q.

D., & Michael, R. (2005). Pornography as a source of sex information for college students in fraternities and sororities. Journal of Health Education, 2, 165-169.Linz, D.

, & Malamuth, N. (2003). Pornography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Log-On Data Corporation. (2004). White paper on issues to consider. Anaheim, CA: Author.Malamuth, N. M. (2003). Pornography’s impact on male adolescents.

Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 4, 563-576.Murray, J., Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2003). A comparison of the anthropometric measurements of idealized female body images in media directed to men, women, and mixed gender audiences.

Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 18(2), 117-130.