Lumbers? Essay, Research Paper
The Battle of Fallen Timbers started on Wednesday, August 20, 1794. The conflict took topographic point on the lower Maumee River Valley which is the present province of Ohio. Major General Anthony Wayne was encamped with a military force of 3,700 work forces, 2,000 of whom were portion of the regular United States Army. The remainder were Kentucky mounted reserves. Contending the Americans were some 2,000 hostile Indians. The Indians were Alliess of the British and the British had merely late built Fort Miamis. This garrison was deep in American Territory, and stopped the Americans from farther westbound enlargement. The tribes facing Wayne and his ground forces were the Miamis, under Chief Little Turtle, the Shawnees under Blue Jacket and the Pottawawatomies, Ottawas, Chippewas, Saulk, Fox, and some Iroquios, plus a few British and Gallic Canadians disguised as Indians. Wayne was non certain how he and his ground forces would contend the Indians. The terrain was really wooded and hilly. Artillery such as cannons could non be used. It was hard for the Americans since they were non accustomed to contending in the wood. Since cannons could non be brought easy back into the forests Wayne left cannons at Fort Deposit and Fort Defiance. Wayne was one of the first
in cantonment to originate on August 20. Everyone had been waiting for a surprise onslaught from the Indians for approximately three yearss. Most of the work forces were tired from non holding a good dark of remainder, they were non ready to contend. General Wayne insisted that all the soldiers wear all their uniforms. It was really hot and the soldiers had to have on, a dark blue coat, dark chapeau, fan breaches, and boots.
At eight O & # 8217 ; time the rain let up and the March began. Wayne sent out the lookouts far in front to happen out what they could about the terrain. Following the lookouts was the progress guard, a choice battalion of a Kentucky reserves. The chief organic structure following the beforehand guard was the Legion. They carried muskets equipped with bayonets which was Wayne & # 8217 ; s favourite arm.
About nine O & # 8217 ; clock, when about in sight of Fort Miamis, the Americans approached the & # 8220 ; Fallen Timbers, & # 8221 ; a topographic point where a twister had blown down 100s of big hardwood trees. The Indians had taken cover in this natural barrier. As the American progress guard came near the Indians fired a sudden musketry at them. A impermanent confusion occurred. The Americans were non told to fire yet. Then Wayne & # 8217 ; s senior officer at the forepart Brigadier General James Wilkinson yelled to his work forces to fire.