Last updated: June 27, 2019
Topic: SocietySex
Sample donated:

Anthropologist Have On The Ethnographic Process? Essay, Research Paper

There are many factors which can act upon the ethnographic

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procedure for an anthropologist, and a really of import one is

his/her sex. This essay will analyze the different attitudes

towards sex, the jobs that face all ethnographers when they

embark on fieldwork in a different environment to their ain, as

good as the? jobs and benefits which can originate due to the sex

of an anthropologist. In order to bring forth a written work about a certain civilization or

society ( an descriptive anthropology, anthropologists must ship on what is

known as the ethnographic procedure ” . This term refers

to all of the assorted activities and research methods which the

anthropologist must set about if he/she wants to obtain a

profound and nonsubjective apprehension of the civilization being

studied. This procedure can affect the method of participant

observation, which is the long-run, utmost interaction with a

community and involves the inclusion of the anthropologist in the

daily life of the society, including the attending of the

anthropologist at rites, ceremonials etc.. The ethnographic

procedure besides involves the anthropologist showing the feelings

that he/she has experienced during the class of the fieldwork,

and the dealingss which they might hold built with certain

members of the community so that the readers of the descriptive anthropology

can hold a deeper apprehension of the civilization being


However, the above mentioned factors can easy be affected by

the sex of the anthropologist. The word sex refers to the

biological class into which a individual is born ; either male or

female ” but although the term refers merely to the physical

visual aspect of a individual, the highly diverse biological and

psychological differences between the two sexes have led to there

being a male-female a division and a “ gender

hierarchy ” bing in virtually all societies. This can

conveying about both benefits and jobs to the anthropologist, and

this is what will be examined in this essay. When carry oning fieldwork in a different environment, there

are many jobs which all anthropologists encounter, and larn

to get the better of, ? despite their sex. The first job, which frequently

occurs every bit shortly as the anthropologist arrives in their country of

survey, is civilization daze. The anthropologist must larn to accommodate

him/herself to such basic things as sleeping, bathing, feeding,

and in most instances, seting to the solitariness and deficiency of

privateness which he/she is certain to meet. Some

anthropologists learn that they were rather naif in their thoughts

about some things, and seek to larn to be a batch more culturally

and emotionally various. Besides, some anthropologists find that

they are non really welcome into the community, and in some instances,

the members of society signifier really low sentiments about the

anthropologist about immediately. ? Anthropologists besides have to

attempt and derive the regard and co-operation of the community by

behaving in the appropriate mode and larning how to

communicate with them without doing them experience uncomfortable or

threatened. However, as many positions and outlooks about the differences

between the two sexes frequently form the foundation of criterions

around which communities and societies organise their societal

lives, the sex of the anthropologists can do a important

difference in the aggregation of ethnographic informations. Although most

societies in the West respect adult females and work forces to be comparatively

equal, many societies, for illustration the Yanomano of South America,

hold highly male-dominated societies within which work forces are

given greater regard, have a higher societal position and bask many

more privileges than adult females. If a female anthropologist was to

enter such a society, in add-on to all the “ usual ”

jobs she would encounter, the community would be really likely

to see her as inferior, and would possibly besides be really aghast

to see a adult female without a ruling male spouse and behaving so

independently. ? Situations such as these are likely to do

great confusion in these civilizations, as the community would hold

assorted feelings of wonder, incredulity, and, particularly among

the work forces, some might experience threatened by her strong place. This

may do the community to be less willing to let her to

participate in activities, interview some people etc. , and the

anthropologist would likely hold to work really difficult to go

more recognized. Another job is that some civilizations, most notably among

Moslems, is that relationships between female ethnographers and

male sources are regarded as being forbidden and socially

unacceptable. This can do the female anthropologist ” s

research methods and participant observation to be really limited

and can greatly impact the decisions which she will do about

the community.

However, there are some advantages that come with being a

female anthropologist. In the past, most ethnographers were males

who had really small chance to see the adult females ” side in

society as work forces are more likely to be excluded from adult females ” s

rites, ceremonials etc. Now that there are many more adult females

anthropologists, descriptive anthropologies can concentrate more on all the

members of the community as it is normally found that adult females are

more tolerated in the “ universe of work forces ” , leting

participant observation with both the sexes. There are many

confused thoughts refering the grounds why adult females are more recognized

than work forces in some societies, but one of the chief statements is that

adult females are seen to present less of a menace due to their lower position

in these societies. In this essay, some different outlooks and attitudes

towards the two sexes have been explored, and the different

jobs, every bit good as the advantages, which female anthropologists

can meet when carry oning fieldwork have been expressed.

There is no existent reply to the inquiry of which of the two sexes

would be able to derive better experiences and larn more from

analyzing a civilization or society, as each different sex has both its

advantages and disadvantages sing the ethnographic procedure,

and many other factors, such as the society being studied, besides

come into drama when these undertakings are carried out. What can be

concluded, nevertheless, is that the lifting figure of female

anthropologists has helped the field of societal anthropology

develop and expand as more points of position and experiences are now

being expressed from their side alternatively of the yesteryear

male-dominated position. Through the description of different

civilizations by adult females, readers of descriptive anthropologies are now able to organize

sentiments through more elaborate and varied survey, profiting both

the field of societal anthropology and general society.