Union From A Democratic Perspective Essay, Research Paper
What is the impact in the European Union from a democratic position?
After World war two some European states ( Italy, Germany, France and the Benelux ) in order to avoid new struggle started a procedure of economical integrating that led presents to the E.U. . Looking back at the history of the E.U. there are some phases of the development that can be taken as the most of import for our treatment:
the Treaty of Paris in 1951 that create the European Coal and Steel Community which put under a common authorization the production of Fe steel and coal, in 1957 the Treaty of Rome set up Euratom and the European Economic Community that had to take a common policy of development in the field of atomic industry and a common market for goods within the Member States, in 1976 with a individual Act the Member States provided the legal base for direct election to the European Parliament ( Philip Norton, 5,1996 ) , in 1985 was set up a agenda to follow in order to accomplish a complete individual market by the 1992 this Paper included common environmental policy, wellness and safety policy, economic and societal coherence policy, countries non included in the EEC pact, the 7th February 1992 the Treaty on the European Union was signed in Maastricht, the Treaty was the first measure to a existent political brotherhood among the Member States it concerned, the European Community, foreign and security policy, and justness and place personal businesss. As we can see in the 50 old ages after the Treaty of Paris there has been noteworthy alterations in the figure of the
members and in the political and economical integrating. From an originally economical integrating we are geting to a political integrating that is doing constitutional, cultural, ideological and political jobs. As a consequence of the Treaty of Maastricht which signed the political brotherhood the jobs grew in the manner that is debated a democratic shortage in the E.U. connected with a job of supranational European parliaments that is disconnected from the National Parliaments. As a consequence of turning integrating the democratic shortage in the E.U. became a greater job since the E.P. Law devising, increased to interfere into the sovereignty of the Member States without a existent democratic legitimacy. This is largely seeable in the agricultural
policies that are today decided by Brussels and in the increasing power of the E. U. in environmental and consumer protection policy, this represent a danger in the manner that where internal market is concerned since a market without a State is coming into being over which there is no democratic control. To maintain on our treatment about the jobs of the European integrating it is proper to take a expression at the construction of the E.U. and seek to indicate out why there is a democratic shortage and how can be solved if it can be solved.
When the E.U. was formed all the Member States aimed to democratic legitimation of and command over the Union`s determinations but this is still merely to be found in the construction of the E.U. :
? a straight elected Parliament,
? a Council of Ministers from the single Member States,
? Committee of the Regions as legislative assembly,
? the Commission as executive,
? an independent Court of Justice and a Court of Auditors.
Refering the E.P. it is non possible to speak about a existent parliament, while the National Parliaments have all the demands that such an establishment needs to determine policy the European Parliaments is powerless, the Commissioners that form the executive of the E.U. are appointed by the national authoritiess and their assignment must be reconfirmed by the national authoritiess and that shows that the commissioner are non in anyhow conditioned by the E.P. . In the legislative procedure than once more the E.P. does non any existent power since is the Council of Ministers to hold the last say sing the outgo merely 20 % of the E.U. outgo can be decide upon the Parliaments. An implement of the E.P. power will be a consequence of the Maastricht Treaty but it is still far to accomplish the position of a existent European Parliaments. Refering the Council of Ministers we can easy state that is the E.U.`s Centre of power. This state of affairs is debatable because the curates have to unite
a legislative with an executive function, their responsibility is to implement the national Laws but at the same clip go through new E.U. Laws in Brussels, the job is in the pre-eminence of the E.U. Laws over the national Laws so that the national Laws cease to hold force. This state of affairs cause jobs that regards the separation of the powers that is a demand for a democracy. Another deficiency of Democracy can be found in the fact that Council of Ministers has the rights to represents merely the regulating parties of each single state, and in certain instance depending on the electoral system the regulating parties do non stand for the bulk of the people, a full democracy can non represents partial involvements and sing the E.P. even more restricted.
The Commission is the lone organic structure o the E.U. that is allowed to subject proposals for European Laws that are after submitted by the Council of Ministers. The Committee
of Regions gives European regional administrative organic structures the right to hearing on certain subjects but efficaciously the lone advantage for those national establishments is economical since there are closer links with Brussels. As we can see the construction of the E.U. has merely the visual aspect of a democratic construction and the democratic shortage is monolithic ( Bill Cash, The Irish Time,1,1996 ) . Individual national Parliaments should debate about the function towards the E.P. since there is a non democratic replacing in the hole left by the E.P. in the different states. The national Parliaments when it comes to confirmation of pact can merely state yes or no that can be considered as a democratic control. An issue that create more job to the procedure of democratization of the E.U is the usage of the media made by the politicians in a manner that to continue the secret on certain sort of affairs like defense mechanism, internal security, in-migration drugs terrorist act, the procedure of transparence will be obstructed. The presence of the anterooms, industrial, lobby connected to environmental administration and churches is increasing twelvemonth by twelvemonth their mark are largely to act upon the legislative procedure and the standardization of the E.U. itself, the job is that both the E.U. and those anterooms get benefit from each other for different grounds: the E.U. is helped in achieve its programmes and those anterooms can do in a certain step fit the E.U. programmes with their programmes with a entire absence of democratic control. The national Parliaments are wholly out of this power game, non even pact of Maastricht will take to decrease of the democratic shortage, it has been given more power to the E.U. but on the other manus the control on it by the national Parliaments has non been increased and if it will E.U. anterooms are traveling to do certain that is traveling to take clip. E.P. after Maastricht did non alter so much as good in its privileges,
it still is a good selling merchandise that can hold an consequence of democratic power that leads the picks Europe. It necessary to indicate that democracy is still missing in the E.U. .E.U. procedure of integrating can be comparable with the unity procedure of Germany in the sense that it is non coming from the base, the people, but is coming from the establishment and it is disconnected in a certain step from the national involvement of each Member States. The sightlessness of the National Parliaments is to utilize the E.U. as a political tool for their internal personal businesss alternatively of debating on the jobs of the E.U. that in the long can became a province without psyche and most of all without a existent democracy, the E.U. presents is a large bureaucratic machine apart from Europe and taking to the integrating of some economical establishments under the flag of Europe, in other words to accomplish a European due to cultural and economic grounds rooted in each state in Europe since 100s old ages is more suited an integrating procedure apart from a supranational entity. It is non possible to wipe out the differences among the states and the purpose of the E.U. it is non a solidarity one, so it is questionable to inquire why the European integrating has to be achieved through this manner, with all the jobs of democracy connected? It is non simple to give an reply to this inquiry but harmonizing to grounds mentioned above it is a procedure that has nil to make with National Parliaments or cultural integrating since does non interfere with Economic jobs.